Transport covers the total of transport, storage, transshipment and information activities when moving goods or products from origin to destination and consists of:

Transport: the part of transport activities where the goods or products are moved elsewhere by means of a means of transport;

Storage: the part of transport activities where the goods or products are at rest;

Transshipment: the part of the transport activities where the goods or products are transferred from one state within the system to another,

Transport information: the documentation required for sending transport activities.

A good international transport policy for export must be more than just transporting the goods on time from the factory to the destination. An efficient transport policy goes further, also has control over, for example, purchasing, production, stock, information exchange.

In short: control of the total flow of goods, from raw material to end product, from producer to end-user. That is why international transport can often be mentioned in one breath with the term ‘physical distribution management’.

When choosing a certain mode of transport, the exporter must not lose sight of one thing. Transport is a service product that cannot always be delivered from stock. As a result, the utilization rate of transport resources and capacity utilization play an important role in the operational management of transport companies. You can easily get the service of Load boards for trucks from a well-established company in the market if you go for little research.

The choice of means of transport must be customer-oriented. Often, for example, road transport comes closest to the wishes of the customer, since also in the other transport modes the road is used first to bring the goods to a station, port, airport, etc.; these combinations cannot always be checked by all parties involved, so not always reliable. The transportation options that the exporter will use depend on, among other things, the type of goods. A distinction can be made between piece goods and mass goods. Piece goods are usually transported in packaged units, while bulk goods, for example, will be transported as a wagon load. An exporter therefore often has to make arrangements well in advance with the transport company about when and where the goods have to be transported. Moreover, he often has to specify to the carrier how much he intends to export. These factors in turn have consequences for the business operations of the export company.

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